Historical Wildlife Observations in the Canadian Rockies: Implications for Ecological Integrity

American Elk (Cervus elaphusJ are now the most abundant large mammal in the Canadian Rockies and they dominate many plant and animal communities.

Easily overexploited ungulates such as Elk and Moose first appear in archaeological sites in any numbers only 500 years ago (Yesner 1989; Frison 1991; Kay 1994, 1997a). Before then, native hunting was so intense and ungulate populations so low, that few animals were actually killed.

Native Americans had been exploiting the Americas long before Europeans arrived!

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